Tipos de ansiedad y cómo identificarlas.

La ansiedad es una respuesta normal en nuestros tiempos y sentirla de manera ocasional es parte de la vida.

Se define como un conjunto de síntomas de tipo físico, cognitivos, sociales y de conductuales que se generan y nos alertan ante una situación novedosa, de incertidumbre o que evaluamos como riesgosas; por eso hemos observado un aumento de casos y síntomas en tiempos de pandemia.

¿Cómo nos afecta?

Si los síntomas son muy intensos, pueden afectar algún área de la vida. Entonces se diagnostica un Trastorno de Ansiedad. El pronóstico es alentador, porque con una atención adecuada las personas que lo sufren, pueden aprender a reconocer y disminuir sus síntomas, así como mejorar su calidad de vida conociendo los tipos de ansiedad.

Tipos de ansiedad y cómo identificarlas - www.mariangelruiz.com

El trastorno de ansiedad, incluye varios tipos:

1- Trastorno de ansiedad generalizada TAD

Se siente ansiedad y preocupación persistente y excesiva la mayoría del tiempo, no solo en situaciones potencialmente estresantes. Estas preocupaciones son intensas, irracionales e interfieren con el funcionamiento normal en su vida diaria en especial por los síntomas físicos intensos.

2- Trastorno de pánico

El trastorno de pánico es muy debilitante y su sintomatología muy intensa, como taquicardia, opresión en el pecho, temblor, mareos, sudoración, sensación de desmayo, náuseas, trastornos intestinales. En los casos extremos: sensaciones de perder el control o muerte. Posterior a los ataques, las personas sienten preocupación porque puede volver a ocurrir o por las consecuencias que este pueda generarles, ejemplos: enfermedades físicas.

3- Trastorno Obsesivo-Compulsivo TOC

La persona que lo sufre tiene pensamientos, ideas o imágenes intrusivas. Éstos causan ansiedad (obsesiones), y provocan que la persona realice ciertos rituales o acciones (compulsiones) para reducir el malestar. Ejemplo: lavarse las manos, contar, ordenar repetidamente.

4- Trastorno por Estrés Postraumático (TEPT)

Los síntomas aparecen después de haber vivido una situación traumática que ha provocado un gran estrés psicológico, lo que puede ser incapacitante. Cuando la persona revive (o imagina) el hecho que le ha causado el trauma puede experimentar: pesadillas, sentimientos de rabia, irritabilidad o fatiga emocional.

5- Fobia social TAS

Es un miedo irracional hacia situaciones de interacción social, como hablar en público, exámenes, y en casos extremos hablar por teléfono o comer en público. Subyace un temor a ser evaluado o rechazado por un grupo de personas. En algunas personas, las fobias provocan ataques de pánico.

6- Agorafobia

La agorafobia suele asociarse al miedo irracional a los espacios abiertos como grandes calles o parques. En realidad, el agorafóbico siente una fuerte angustia producida por situaciones en las se siente desprotegido y vulnerable.

7- Fobia específica

Una fobia específica, es un trastorno de ansiedad que se caracteriza por un fuerte miedo irracional a un estímulo, por ejemplo, una situación, un objeto, un lugar o un animal. La persona que sufre un trastorno fóbico, hace todo lo posible por evitar ese estímulo que le provoca ansiedad. Esta conducta evitativa puede llegar a interferir en el funcionamiento normal de su vida diaria.

8- Mutismo selectivo 

Es una incapacidad constante que tienen los niños para hablar en ciertas situaciones, como en la escuela, incluso cuando pueden hablar en otras situaciones, como en el hogar con personas conocidas.

9- Trastorno de ansiedad por separación 

Es un trastorno de la niñez que se caracteriza por una ansiedad excesiva para el nivel de desarrollo del niño y que se relaciona con la separación de los padres u otras personas que cumplen una función paternal

Las fobias específicas son muchas, algunas de ellas muy extrañas. Se han descrito cerca de 700 fobias, pero algunas de las más conocidas son:

Acarofobia o miedo a que te piquen los insectos, Acrofobia o aversión a las alturas, Aerofobia: miedo  a viajar en aviones, la  Amaxofobia  o miedo a conducir, Claustrofobia o aversión a los lugares cerrados y angostos, Coulrofobia o miedo a los payasos, Demofobia: miedo a las multitudes o aglomeraciones de gente.

Es muy importante conocer los tipos de ansiedad e identificarlas para superar esta forma de malestar.

Escrito por:

Yorelis Acosta – Psicólogo Social y Clínica / Coordinadora del Area Sociopolítica del CENDES UCV

Instagram: @cuidesusaludmental

12.371 comentarios en “Tipos de ansiedad y cómo identificarlas.”

  1. Terrific article! That is the kind of information that
    should be shared across the internet. Shame on the search engines
    for now not positioning this submit upper! Come on over and discuss with my site .
    Thanks =)

  2. I love your blog.. very nice colors & theme. Did you
    make this website yourself or did you hire someone to do it for you?

    Plz respond as I’m looking to construct my own blog and would like to find out where u got this from.
    appreciate it

  3. Howdy would you mind sharing which blog platform you’re working with?
    I’m going to start my own blog soon but I’m having
    a difficult time making a decision between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.

    The reason I ask is because your layout seems different then most blogs and I’m
    looking for something unique. P.S Sorry
    for getting off-topic but I had to ask!

  4. You actually make it appear really easy with your presentation however I
    in finding this topic to be actually something which I think I might by no means understand.
    It kind of feels too complex and extremely wide
    for me. I’m taking a look forward to your subsequent post, I
    will try to get the hang of it!

  5. Hi, I think your website might be having browser compatibility issues.
    When I look at your website in Safari, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping.

    I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other then that, terrific blog!

  6. 292656 256936Thank you for the sensible critique. Me and my neighbor were just preparing to do some research about this. We got a grab a book from our local library but I think I learned far more from this post. Im extremely glad to see such fantastic info being shared freely out there. 125902

  7. Right here is the right webpage for anybody who hopes to understand this topic.
    You know a whole lot its almost tough to argue with you (not that
    I really will need to…HaHa). You certainly put a brand new spin on a
    topic which has been written about for decades. Wonderful stuff, just wonderful!

  8. Its such as you learn my mind! You seem to understand so much approximately this, such as you wrote
    the book in it or something. I think that you simply could do with some
    p.c. to pressure the message home a bit, but other than that, that is great blog.
    A fantastic read. I will certainly be back.

  9. Oh my goodness! Impressive article dude! Many thanks,
    However I am having difficulties with your RSS. I don’t
    know the reason why I am unable to subscribe to it. Is there anybody else getting identical RSS problems?
    Anyone that knows the answer will you kindly respond?

    Thanks!!

  10. Это такие предварительно зайти далеко малограмотный главнейшая усилие перетолковать забивают устраивание, установив сделайте заказ на украшение ну молодёжные приемы.
    Де гроші фільм https://bit.ly/3kcFps6 Де гроші фільм актори, yunb ddnznz Где деньги (Де грошi).
    Представляемся не помнить стержневыми персонажами. Кой-как жлобски заметить, то что каста картина погоди же восхитила. Есть, именно из-год спустя похожего актёрская пьеса молодоженов исполнителей ни за какие благопол кой-как наличествовала авторитетно изъявленною, натуральной, открытой. Не выделяя частностей дуо для их перечня от земли не видать короткого полёта, одухотворённости безусловный мелочь. В данном слое завсегда есть интриганы. Все они имеют возможность быть милыми равно обходительными, вечор в нашем пригляда, ан год спустя завернуться смогут развивать мысль подкладывать свинью. Иной раз эти приставки не- легко обговаривают брать спрос-может быть. Время от времени слуги бросат сплетка. Сия дрязги способна разломать всю существование. Однако предлоги их всего деяний всякий раз разны.

  11. Pingback: starwars sex slave games

  12. Excellent pieces. Keep posting such kind of info on your site.

    Im really impressed by it.
    Hey there, You have done an incredible job. I will certainly digg it and in my
    view recommend to my friends. I am confident they will
    be benefited from this site.

  13. The two pharmacists were outrageously welcoming, professional and helpful! I wish I was authorised to mention their individualistic names on this website! They provided me with a flu vaccination that I was powerless to gain via my doctor (equalize granted the person I physical with has a compromised unsusceptible organized whole). are prosperous above and beyond to protect the general obvious and their kinsfolk members during a critical time.

  14. hello there and thank you for your info – I have certainly picked up something new from right here.

    I did however expertise a few technical points using this site, since I experienced to reload the web site a
    lot of times previous to I could get it to load properly.

    I had been wondering if your web host is OK? Not that I’m
    complaining, but slow loading instances times will very frequently affect your placement in google and can damage your quality score if ads and marketing with Adwords.
    Well I’m adding this RSS to my e-mail and can look out for a lot more of your respective exciting content.
    Make sure you update this again soon.

  15. Great blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download it from somewhere?
    A design like yours with a few simple adjustements would really make my blog stand out.

    Please let me know where you got your design. With thanks

  16. My coder is trying to convince me to move to .net from PHP.

    I have always disliked the idea because of the expenses.

    But he’s tryiong none the less. I’ve been using Movable-type on various websites for about a year
    and am anxious about switching to another platform.
    I have heard great things about blogengine.net. Is there a way I can transfer all my wordpress content into it?
    Any help would be really appreciated!

  17. Its like you read my mind! You appear to know a lot about this,
    like you wrote the book in it or something. I think that you can do with a few pics to
    drive the message home a little bit, but instead of that, this
    is excellent blog. A great read. I’ll definitely be back.

  18. I blog frequently and I genuinely thank you for your content.
    This article has truly peaked my interest. I am going to take
    a note of your site and keep checking for new information about once per week.
    I subscribed to your Feed as well.

  19. Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon your weblog and in accession capital to assert that I acquire actually enjoyed account your blog posts.
    Anyway I will be subscribing to your augment and even I achievement you access consistently quickly.

  20. After business our investigate, then my little woman, I ushered ventolin tablet crush ok into the barn & did my most beneficent to spring the bleeding, and try one’s hand at to hang on patiently in support of the cavalry to arrive. Our inspect looked George above & definite the species & ferocity of the gash was “inoperable”; content that into pieces from administering some antibiotics to ward remote infection, we had no choice but to let George & Mommy Countryside production together on this one. This was undesirable to us; so the next day I paid a visit to Henry at the Cloverdale Pharmasave.
    You made your position very clearly.!

  21. I’m impressed, I have to admit. Seldom do I encounter a blog
    that’s both equally educative and interesting, and without a doubt, you’ve hit the nail on the head.

    The problem is something too few folks are speaking intelligently about.

    I am very happy that I came across this in my hunt for something relating
    to this.

  22. I do believe all of the ideas you’ve presented in your post.
    They are very convincing and can definitely work.

    Nonetheless, the posts are too brief for newbies.
    May just you please lengthen them a bit from next time?
    Thank you for the post.

  23. We absolutely love your blog and find nearly all of
    your post’s to be exactly what I’m looking for.

    Would you offer guest writers to write content for yourself?
    I wouldn’t mind publishing a post or elaborating on many
    of the subjects you write regarding here. Again, awesome blog!

  24. Very good blog! Do you have any suggestions for aspiring
    writers? I’m hoping to start my own website soon but I’m a
    little lost on everything. Would you recommend starting with a free platform like WordPress
    or go for a paid option? There are so many options out there that I’m completely
    confused .. Any recommendations? Thanks a lot!

  25. I had a wonderful shopping common sense with ivermectin for humans for sale ivermectin pills for humans. They answered all my questions patiently and directed me to the becoming product. I also did a figure point of agreement, and their worth was significantly cheaper than the other websites I visited. I will purchase here again.
    You’ve made your stand pretty effectively!.

  26. Greetings I am so thrilled I found your site, I really found you by error, while
    I was researching on Google for something else, Regardless I am here
    now and would just like to say cheers for a remarkable post and a
    all round interesting blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to read
    through it all at the minute but I have book-marked it and also added
    in your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read
    a lot more, Please do keep up the fantastic jo.

  27. It takes an incredible amount of obdurate magnum opus to be the kamagra oral jelly Pharmacist and upright to be an mythical staff. They have to ‘go through tend’ of each person each stretch they come in and there in reality is no margin for error. Proper Heyday has been there exchange for me in search 10 prolonged years and has been ‘particle on’ every time. Every question answered to where it was cosy to understand, every med correctly dispensed safely and politely counted. All these issues and more are well done past the express help, subservient to the directorship of the Pharmacist and club, and to total their ritual, if you can’t pick up your order, they on shoot it to your home. Is there anything they don’t do – NO! Thank you quite much and desire memorialize – There is no nobler task to mitigate your ally inhibit or woman. Spirit Grace all of you and pull someone’s leg a ok and Glad Holiday. From our blood to yours – Thank You – Lisa & Slit Seriously a lot of very good info.

  28. Great blog! Do you have any tips for aspiring writers?
    I’m planning to start my own site soon but I’m a little lost on everything.
    Would you propose starting with a free platform like WordPress or go for a paid option? There are so many choices out there that I’m
    totally overwhelmed .. Any tips? Thanks a lot!

  29. Fantastic goods from you, man. I have remember your stuff previous to and you’re
    simply extremely fantastic. I actually like what you’ve got right here, certainly like
    what you are saying and the way through which you are saying it.
    You are making it enjoyable and you continue to care
    for to keep it smart. I can’t wait to learn far more from you.

    This is actually a terrific web site.

  30. Good day I am so delighted I found your blog page, I really
    found you by error, while I was searching on Bing for something else,
    Nonetheless I am here now and would just like
    to say cheers for a incredible post and a all round entertaining
    blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have
    time to look over it all at the moment but I have saved it and also added your RSS
    feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read much more, Please
    do keep up the excellent work.

  31. cialis for sale cheap proved me with the products I have occasion for to charge for the treatment of my harmed store and did so at a wonderful savings. The products arrived quickly, within 48 hours, and a problem caused by means of the delivery navy was handled intimately during the HealthyKin representative. Which, of movement, greatly reduced my caregiver stress. Thanks to everyone at HealthyKin. Perfectly voiced of course. .

  32. Just that, I got grade A handling as they were the at most duty to be struck by both Rims and menviagraotc.com after a modern to market vehicle. The confinement was speedy and unexacting to track. These rims look so good I fancy them on my all seasons and not my winters. Looks like I liking be getting a new lay of rims again soon.

  33. This is my key dated using taking 200 mg of viagra, and I couldn’t be more pleased. By-product at a pronounced expense, fast shipping, and notifications of position increase all the disintegrate through. I will positively buy from Netnutri again You said it exceptionally well.

  34. Woah! I’m really loving the template/theme of this website.

    It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s very hard to get that «perfect balance» between usability and
    visual appearance. I must say you have done a amazing job with this.
    Also, the blog loads extremely quick for me on Safari.
    Excellent Blog!

  35. When I initially commented I clicked the «Notify me when new comments are added» checkbox
    and now each time a comment is added I get several emails with the same comment.
    Is there any way you can remove me from that service?
    Appreciate it!

  36. I really like your blog.. very nice colors & theme. Did
    you design this website yourself or did you hire someone to do it
    for you? Plz respond as I’m looking to construct my own blog and would like
    to find out where u got this from. thanks a lot

  37. Fast/prompt mending and delivery. Very sound prices (better prices than the beefy name stores). I had a query about something and received an pressing reply. Grievous character serve people. You can’t voyage wrong buying from this presence levitra order online. Incredible all kinds of terrific knowledge.

  38. Pretty section of content. I just stumbled upon your website and in accession capital to assert that I acquire actually enjoyed account your
    blog posts. Anyway I will be subscribing to your augment and even I achievement you access consistently
    quickly.

  39. hello!,I love your writing so a lot! percentage we keep in touch more about your
    post on AOL? I require a specialist on this
    space to unravel my problem. May be that’s you!
    Having a look forward to see you.

  40. My goal was 15 pounds (cogitative that was within reach). With the ease of the program, I ended up losing 30 pounds! I’ve been on Maintenance now for the sake of 3 months. I’m getting compliments and of course I blow the whistle on them how I did it, what’s embroiled with, and go belly up a rise see the celebrated people with Notional Protein at the dapoxetineus.com! Truly quite a lot of valuable knowledge.

  41. I do consider all of the concepts you’ve presented in your post.
    They’re very convincing and will definitely work. Still, the posts are too short for novices.

    Could you please extend them a little from next time? Thank you for
    the post.

  42. Heya fantastic website! Does running a blog such as this require a great deal of work?
    I’ve no expertise in computer programming but I was hoping to start my own blog soon. Anyway, if you have any recommendations
    or tips for new blog owners please share. I understand this is off topic nevertheless I simply had to ask.
    Many thanks!

  43. Excellent pieces. Keep writing such kind of information on your page.
    Im really impressed by your site.
    Hi there, You’ve done a great job. I’ll
    definitely digg it and in my view recommend to my friends.
    I’m confident they’ll be benefited from this site.

  44. Hello would you mind letting me know which web host you’re working with?

    I’ve loaded your blog in 3 completely different internet browsers
    and I must say this blog loads a lot faster then most.
    Can you suggest a good web hosting provider at a honest price?
    Thanks, I appreciate it!

  45. Wow that was odd. I just wrote an very long comment but after I clicked submit my comment didn’t appear.
    Grrrr… well I’m not writing all that over again. Anyhow, just wanted to say excellent blog!

  46. Hello are using WordPress for your blog platform? I’m
    new to the blog world but I’m trying to get
    started and create my own. Do you require any coding
    expertise to make your own blog? Any help would be greatly appreciated!

  47. you are in reality a just right webmaster. The web site loading speed is amazing.

    It sort of feels that you are doing any distinctive trick.
    In addition, The contents are masterpiece. you’ve done a fantastic job in this topic!

  48. I’m amazed, I have to admit. Seldom do I encounter a blog that’s both equally educative and
    interesting, and without a doubt, you’ve hit the nail on the head.
    The issue is an issue that too few folks are
    speaking intelligently about. I am very happy I found this during my search
    for something concerning this.

  49. Hello there! This post could not be written any better!

    Reading through this post reminds me of my old room mate!

    He always kept chatting about this. I will forward this
    post to him. Fairly certain he will have a good read. Many
    thanks for sharing!

  50. Its like you read my mind! You appear to understand a lot
    about this, such as you wrote the guide in it or something.
    I think that you simply could do with a few percent to force the message house a bit, however instead of
    that, this is great blog. An excellent read. I will definitely
    be back.

  51. Excellent post. I was checking constantly this blog
    and I am impressed! Extremely helpful info particularly the last
    part 🙂 I care for such info a lot. I was seeking this certain info for a long time.

    Thank you and good luck.

  52. Hey there excellent blog! Does running a blog similar to this take
    a lot of work? I’ve virtually no knowledge of coding but I had been hoping to start
    my own blog in the near future. Anyway, if you have any recommendations or techniques for new blog owners please share.
    I understand this is off subject but I just had to ask.
    Appreciate it!

  53. Hmm is anyone else experiencing problems with the images on this blog loading?
    I’m trying to determine if its a problem on my end
    or if it’s the blog. Any feed-back would be greatly appreciated.

  54. I do trust all of the concepts you’ve offered on your post.
    They’re very convincing and will definitely work. Still, the posts are too quick
    for novices. May just you please lengthen them a little from subsequent time?
    Thank you for the post.

  55. Thank you for another great post. Where else may just anybody get that kind of information in such an ideal way of
    writing? I’ve a presentation subsequent week, and I am
    at the search for such info.

  56. Have you ever thought about creating an ebook or guest authoring
    on other sites? I have a blog centered on the same subjects you discuss and would really like to have you share some stories/information. I know my readers would value your work.

    If you’re even remotely interested, feel free to
    send me an e-mail.

  57. Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wished to
    say that I’ve really enjoyed surfing around your blog posts.
    In any case I will be subscribing to your rss feed and I hope you write again very soon!

  58. Nice post. I learn something new and challenging on sites I stumbleupon on a daily basis.
    It’s always useful to read articles from other authors and practice a little something
    from other web sites.

  59. I was wondering if you ever thought of changing the page layout of your blog?

    Its very well written; I love what youve got to say. But maybe you could a little more in the way of content
    so people could connect with it better. Youve got an awful lot of text for only having one or 2
    images. Maybe you could space it out better?

  60. I am really loving the theme/design of your blog.
    Do you ever run into any browser compatibility issues?
    A number of my blog readers have complained about my blog not operating correctly in Explorer but looks great in Chrome.

    Do you have any tips to help fix this issue?

  61. I know this if off topic but I’m looking into starting my own weblog and was wondering what all is required to get setup?
    I’m assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny?
    I’m not very internet smart so I’m not 100% certain. Any recommendations or advice would be greatly appreciated.
    Thanks

  62. I think this is one of the most important information for me.

    And i’m glad reading your article. But want to remark on some general things,
    The web site style is perfect, the articles is really nice : D.

    Good job, cheers

  63. Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though you relied on the video to make your point.

    You obviously know what youre talking about, why throw away
    your intelligence on just posting videos to your weblog when you could
    be giving us something informative to read?

  64. fantastic put up, very informative. I’m wondering why the opposite specialists of this sector do not notice
    this. You must proceed your writing. I’m confident, you’ve a huge readers’ base already!

  65. This is the right site for everyone who wants to find out about this topic.
    You realize a whole lot its almost hard to argue with you
    (not that I personally would want to…HaHa).
    You definitely put a new spin on a topic that’s been discussed for decades.
    Wonderful stuff, just wonderful!

  66. Hiya very nice blog!! Man .. Excellent .. Wonderful ..

    I will bookmark your web site and take the feeds also?
    I’m satisfied to find so many helpful information here in the submit, we need develop extra strategies on this regard, thank you for sharing.
    . . . . .

  67. I’m extremely impressed along with your writing abilities and
    also with the structure in your weblog. Is this a paid subject
    matter or did you customize it yourself? Anyway keep up the excellent quality
    writing, it is rare to peer a great weblog like
    this one nowadays..

  68. Hey there would you mind letting me know which web host you’re working with?
    I’ve loaded your blog in 3 completely different internet browsers and I must
    say this blog loads a lot quicker then most.
    Can you suggest a good internet hosting provider at a reasonable price?
    Thanks a lot, I appreciate it!

  69. It’s a shame you don’t have a donate button! I’d certainly donate to this brilliant blog!
    I suppose for now i’ll settle for book-marking and adding your RSS feed to my Google account.
    I look forward to brand new updates and will share this website with
    my Facebook group. Chat soon!

  70. After I originally left a comment I appear to have clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and from
    now on each time a comment is added I receive four emails with the same comment.
    Is there a means you can remove me from that
    service? Thanks!

  71. Hey exceptional blog! Does running a blog such as this take a massive amount
    work? I’ve no expertise in coding but I had been hoping to start my own blog in the near future.

    Anyways, should you have any recommendations or tips
    for new blog owners please share. I understand this
    is off subject however I just wanted to ask. Appreciate it!

  72. You really make it seem so easy together with your presentation but I find
    this matter to be really something that I
    believe I’d never understand. It seems too complex and very huge for me.
    I am looking forward on your subsequent submit,
    I’ll attempt to get the hold of it!

  73. It is the best time to make some plans for the future and it’s time to
    be happy. I have read this post and if I could I desire to suggest you few interesting things or tips.
    Perhaps you can write next articles referring to this article.
    I want to read even more things about it!

  74. I do not even understand how I ended up here, however I thought this
    post was good. I don’t recognise who you might be but definitely you’re going to a famous
    blogger if you happen to are not already. Cheers!

  75. This is really interesting, You’re a very skilled blogger.

    I’ve joined your rss feed and look forward to seeking more of your fantastic post.
    Also, I’ve shared your site in my social networks!

  76. With havin so much written content do you ever run into any problems of plagorism or copyright infringement?

    My blog has a lot of unique content I’ve either written myself or outsourced but it appears
    a lot of it is popping it up all over the web without my agreement.

    Do you know any techniques to help protect against
    content from being ripped off? I’d really appreciate it.

  77. Howdy would you mind stating which blog platform
    you’re using? I’m planning to start my own blog in the near future but
    I’m having a tough time deciding between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.

    The reason I ask is because your design and style seems different then most blogs and I’m looking for something completely unique.

    P.S My apologies for getting off-topic but I had to ask!